Latine Communities and Mental Health

Latine communities in the U.S. are very diverse, encompassing people from multiple different nations around the world. People hailing from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central America and South America, while distinct and unique, are united by shared cultural connections.

In addition to speaking Spanish, large portions of this community share religious affiliations, strong family bonds, and indigenous ancestry.

Other Factors

Treatment concerns

Latine communities report mental health conditions at similar rates when compared to the general population, but face disparities in access to and quality of treatment.

Fewer Latine adults with mental health conditions receive treatment each year compared to the U.S. average.

Language Barriers

While some doctors in the U.S. speak Spanish, not all do. This language barrier may contribute to the treatment gap observed in Latine individuals. According to a survey by the American Psychological Association, 5.5 percent of providers reported being able to administer care in Spanish.

In addition to Spanish, some Latine individuals speak a dialect, such as Quechua or Nahuatl.

Legal Status

For immigrants who arrive without documentation, the fear of deportation can prevent them from seeking care.


Like other communities, Latine communities suffer from the stigma around mental health conditions. Many individuals value privacy and may forgo care for fear of being labeled “crazy.”


Latine individuals and first-generation immigrants from regions affected by conflict may experience trauma.

This trauma can happen before, during, or after the migration process is complete. Having to leave one’s country, home, family, or friends, because of violence or other sociopolitical conflicts can have a negative effect on one’s mental health. The migration process might also be traumatic, leading to a heightened risk of depression or PTSD. Experiencing discrimination or lack of socioeconomic security once arriving in a new country can also lead to mental health problems.

Regardless of immigration status, Latine individuals also experience discrimination or harassment because of their race, which can also negatively impact mental health.

Latine Communities and Mental Health

Quick Facts


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